Queen Elizabeth II was born Elizabeth Alexandra Mary in Mayfair, London, England, United Kingdom to Albert Frederick Arthur George and Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon. As King George VI, he was the King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from December 11, 1936 until his death on February 6, 1952.
During the same period, Bowes-Lyon was Queen of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth. Known as Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, she was the last Empress of India.
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh have four children. Here are 13 more things about her:
- On November 20, 1947, she and Prince Philip got married at Westminster Abbey in London.
- In 1948, she gave birth to Prince Charles at the Buckingham Palace in London. He was married to Lady Diana Spencer from 1981 to 1996 then married Camilla Parker Bowles in 2005.
- In 1950, she gave birth to Princess Anne at Clarence House in London. Princess Anne was married to Mark Phillips from 1973 to 1992. Also in 1992, Princess Anne married Timothy Laurence.
- When her father died on February 6, 1952, she became Head of the Commonwealth and queen regnant of seven independent Commonwealth countries namely the U.K., Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Pakistan and Ceylon, which became Sri Lanka in 1972.
- On June 2, 1953, she was crowned Queen of the U.K. and other Commonwealth realms in Westminster Abbey in London.
- In 1960, she gave birth to Prince Andrew Albert Christian Edward at the Buckingham Palace. He was married to Sara Ferguson from 1986 to 1996.
- In 1964, he gave birth to Prince Edward Antony Richard Louis at the Buckingham Palace. In 1999, he married Sophie Rhys-Jones.
- In October 1972, she toured Yugoslavia, making her the first British monarch to visit a communist country. She opened the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
- In 1986, she paid a six-day state visit to China, making her the first British monarch to visit the Asian country.
- In May 1991, she became the first British monarch to address a joint meeting of the United States Congress. In October 1994, she became the first reigning British monarch to visit Russia.
- On March 30, 2002, her mother died at the Royal Lodge in Windsor, Berkshire, England at the age of 101. On February 9, 2002, her only sibling Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon died at the age of 71. On November 20, 2007, she became the first British monarch to celebrate a diamond wedding anniversary.
- In May 2011, she became the first British monarch to make a state visit to Ireland. She opened the 2012 Summer Olympics and Paralympics in London. On November 20, 2017, she became the first British monarch to celebrate a platinum wedding anniversary.
- On March 19, 2020, she sequestered at the Windsor Castle in Windsor amid the new coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. On April 9, 2021, her husband Prince Philip died at the Windsor Castle at the age of 99. On September 8, 2022, she died at the Balmoral castle in Aberdeenshire, Scotland. She was 96.